PAX6 analysis of two sporadic patients from southern China with classic aniridia.
To investigate the paired box 6 (PAX6) gene in two sporadic patients from southern China presenting with classic aniridia.The two sporadic patients underwent complete physical and ophthalmic examinations. Genomic DNA was extracted from the leukocytes of the peripheral blood collected from the families of the two sporadic patients and 100 unrelated control subjects from the same population. Exons 4-13 of PAX6 were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced directly. The ophthalmic examinations included best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, fundus examination, optical coherence tomography, and Pentacam and Goldmann perimetry.The two patients were affected with aniridia accompanied by nystagmus. A heterozygous PAX6 frameshift mutation in exon 7, c.375_376delAG (p.Arg125SerfsX7), was identified in sporadic patient 1 and not in any of the unaffected family members and normal controls. One novel mutation in exon 10, c.868_871dupAGTT (p.Phe291X), was detected in sporadic patient 2. The frameshift mutation we identified has not previously been reported either in China or abroad.Although PAX6 mutations and polymorphisms have been reported in various ethnic groups, we report, for the first time, the identification of one new PAX6 mutation in Chinese aniridia patient.