Rare Diseases Symptoms Automatic Extraction

Guidelines for genetic study of aniridia.


Aniridia is a panocular disorder which occurs in 1/50,000 to 1/100,000 live births and can appear either in isolated form or in the context of a syndrome. Isolated aniridia is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition and is caused by mutations of the PAX6 gene. A variety of techniques and methodologies within molecular genetics and cytogenetics are used to study these mutations.To identify the different aspects of this disease and to provide a guide for proper genetic diagnosis leading to improved clinical management of the disease.Aniridia is an autosomal dominant disease that primarily affects the iris, though it can impact most of the ocular structures. The disease is mainly caused by mutations in the PAX6 gene located on chromosome 11p13 which encodes a transcription factor that is involved in the development of the eye. Genetic analysis of aniridia is complex and requires the use of both molecular genetics and cytogenetics techniques. These procedures are indicated in all cases of aniridia. It is important bear certain clinical and technical aspects in mind prior to starting analysis or providing genetic counseling for patients and their families.The use of molecular genetic techniques in the genetic diagnosis of aniridia enables patients and their families to receive better clinical management.