Rare Diseases Symptoms Automatic Extraction

A city park as a potential epidemic site of scrub typhus: a case¿control study of an outbreak in Guangzhou, China.

[scrub typhus]

BackgroundScrub typhus is an important public health problem in China, especially in Guangzhou city. Typical outbreaks of scrub typhus have been previously reported in rural areas, affecting mainly farmers. We describe an atypical outbreak of the disease with case fatalities, from a park in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, that could turn out to be a potential scrub typhus epidemic site.MethodsFrom May 2012 to June 2012, a case¿control study was conducted to identify source and risk factors of this outbreak. Reported cases of scrub typhus in Xiaogang Park were confirmed by Weil¿Felix test or a nested polymerase chain reaction (NPCR). Controls were matched with their neighbors by gender and age. Multivariate conditional logistic regression was used to identify risk factors and protective factors.ResultsA total of 29 cases were confirmed by Weil¿Felix test, including 4 deaths by both Weil¿Felix test and NPCR. All patients presented with fever (100%), while 28 (96.6%) cases had eschars, 10 (34.5%) headache, 10 (34.5%) chills, 6 (20.7%) lymphadenopathy, 5 (17.2%) rash, 2 (6.9%) vomiting and 1 (3.5%) presented with conjunctival congestion. The proportion of cases with activity history in Xiaogang Park was much higher than the control group (72.4% vs 24.1%, P¿<¿0.001), and morning exercise in park or field was also as a risk factor for scrub typhus (adjusted OR =3.0, 95% CI: 1.1 - 8.2). Four factors were significantly associated with the risk of developing scrub typhus: sitting on the lawn (adjusted OR =8.0, 95% CI: 1.4 - 44.5), close contact with rats (adjusted OR =3.3, 95% CI: 1.2 -9.6), sitting near the rat holes (OR =6.8, 95% CI: 1.2 - 38.1) and wearing long-sleeved clothing when outside (adjusted OR =0.3, 95% CI: 0.1 - 0.7).ConclusionsWe confirmed an atypical outbreak of scrub typhus in a park in Guangzhou city, which has the potential to develop into an important epidemic site. This public health risk should not be neglected and requires more attention from authorities.

Diseases presenting "conjunctival congestion" symptom

  • scrub typhus

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