Rare Diseases Symptoms Automatic Extraction

Glaucoma progression and role of glaucoma surgery in patients with Boston keratoprosthesis.


The aim of this study was to evaluate glaucoma onset and progression after implantation of Boston Keratoprostheses (B-KPro) and the role of glaucoma surgery.Records of patients with B-KPro implantation during 2004 to 2009 were reviewed. Parameters relevant to B-KPro surgery and glaucoma status were recorded. The data were analyzed in 5 groups based on the preoperative diagnosis.One hundred six eyes of 87 patients were included, and the average age was 54 ± 6.7 years. Forty-six percent were female. Eighteen eyes had a B-KPro with a titanium back plate, and the others had a poly(methyl methacrylate) back plate. Thirty-three eyes were pseudophakic, and the rest were left aphakic. The follow-up time was 3.3 ± 1.0 years. Indications for implantation included past infection, congenital glaucoma, trauma, autoimmune diseases, aniridia, burns, and others. Sixty-six percent of the eyes had glaucoma preoperatively, and 26% developed de novo glaucoma afterward. The mean intraocular pressure (by finger palpation) was 16.5 ± 5.7 mm Hg. Reliable visual field tests were only available in 59% of the eyes; hence, the cup-to-disc ratio of the optic nerve head was used as the main outcome measure. In B-KPro-implanted eyes with glaucoma, 65% had undergone glaucoma surgery at some point, and 30% did not show progression. Thirty-one percent of the total cohort had disc pallor with a cup-to-disc ratio of <0.8.Glaucoma in B-KPro remains a challenge, despite aggressive attempts to slow down its progression. Patients with glaucoma before B-KPro implantation should be considered for glaucoma surgery before or simultaneously with B-KPro implantation. The high number of eyes with disc pallor suggests that additional mechanisms other than elevated intraocular pressure may play a role in optic neuropathy.