Rare Diseases Symptoms Automatic Extraction

Confirmed penicillin allergy among patients receiving benzathine penicillin prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever.

[acute rheumatic fever]

Beta-lactam antibiotics are the most frequent drugs prescribed in children worldwide. Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is the major cause of acquired heart disease among children and adolescents. Recurrences due to inadequate penicillin prophylaxis are responsible for chronic valvular lesions requiring surgery. The fear of a severe allergic reaction is the leading cause of discontinuing prophylaxis.In this study, we aimed to reveal the frequency of adverse events and real allergic reactions to benzathine penicillin among children who are followed in our paediatric cardiology clinic with a diagnosis of ARF.The children who were followed with a diagnosis of ARF between January 2005 and December 2011 were searched for a history of penicillin allergy. Patients with a positive history were evaluated in our paediatric allergy clinic. Skin tests and provocation tests were performed with parental consent.In total 535 children with a diagnosis of ARF were analysed for the study. Median follow up period was 24 months (12-36) [median (%25-75)]. Eleven of our 535 (11/17.641 injection) ARF patients were suspected to have allergic reactions after 17.641 penicillin injections but only one (0.18%) was diagnosed to have penicillin allergy after detailed evaluation.Our data suggest that the frequency of penicillin allergy is much lower than suspected among children on penicillin prophylaxis for ARF. Consequently, penicillin prophylaxis should not be given up without proper evaluation of drug allergy.